The Earth was created 4.6 billion years ago, how has it evolved to its current form?
The Institute for Research on Earth Evolution sets out to understand this mystery through the analysis of dynamic processes occurring in the Earth's interior, from the crust, through the mantle, to the core. To conduct these analyses, techniques from geology, geophysics, geochemistry, computer and life sciences are being applied. In addition these techniques are throwing light on the mechanisms that cause earthquakes and volcanic phenomena, contributing to the risk assessment, disaster management, and prediction of these natural hazards.
This aims to understand the evolution of the Earth system and interactions between subsystems within it using computer simulations, precise chemical analyses, high pressure/temperature experiments to create the conditions experienced in the Earth’s interior, and ocean observations.
This combines strands of the Basic Research to provide multidisciplinary approaches to new research fields. These include comprehensive ocean drilling research projects using the drilling vessel Chikyu, the construction of a geoscientific database integrating terrestrial and ocean floor seismic networks, modeling fluctuations in the Earth system, modeling earthquake and volcanic processes, and analysing the link between the solid earth and the biosphere.