Multiscale Simulation & Modeling Research Group

Last Update : 2012.04.26

The keyword is "Holistic"

The Earth Simulator is capable of exploring the evolution and the future. In contrast to existing nonlinear simulations of individual phenomena, what we call Holistic Simulation explores a complex interdependence between micro and macro scale processes.

Conventional Simulation Holistic Simulation
Nonlinear solver of individual phenomena. Explore the complexity of interdependence between microprocesses and macroprocesses.
Figure 1. Basic concept of holistic approach.


  • Tetsuya Sato: The Earth Simulator - Holistic Simulation and Science Evolution, Vol. 58, No. 2, p79-85, 2003.
  • Tetsuya Sato: Electrical Review, Vol.460, No. 7, 2003.
  • Tetsuya Sato: How can the Earth Simulator Impact on Science, The Eighth International Symposium on Simulation Science, March 2003.