This international joint research activities was established in order to co-operate on international research programs for an improved understanding of the nature and predictability of climate variability and regional aspects of global environmental change in the Asia-Pacific sector between University of Hawaii (UH) and Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC).

Background
On October 16, 1997, UH established the International Pacific Research Center ("IPRC") as a unit of its School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology ("SOEST") with the following designated mission: To provide an international, state-of-the-art research environment to improve understanding of the nature and predictability of climate variability and regional aspects of global environmental change in the Asia-Pacific sector;

Purpose
The purpose of the IPRC is to provide a home for a close collaborative research effort on global change in the Asia-Pacific sector by interested scientists from all over the world, to improve the understanding of the mechanisms of climate variability particular to the Asia-Pacific sector, and to predict impacts of global change in the Asia-Pacific sector.


Institutional Objectives
(1) promote Japan-US scientific cooperation for improving the understanding of the nature and predictability of Asia-Pacific aspects of global environmental change and their connectivity with adjoining regions of the world.
(2) encourage multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary scientific research programs;
(3) conduct scientific programs and projects on the basis of their regional relevance and scientific merit;
(4) pursue on a regional scale research that is particularly relevant to the scientific objectives of the IPRC, including interfacing with the International Arctic Research Center (IARC);
(5) foster standardization, collection, analysis and exchange of scientific data relevant to the IPRC's scientific objectives;
(6) promote cooperation with other research institutions;
(7) improve the scientific and technical capabilities and research infrastructure of the region in this area of research, where necessary, by identifying and promoting the development of facilities for the implementation of data management and by the scientific and technical training of professionals;
(8) improve public awareness and provide scientific information to governments for the development of public policy relevant to Asia-Pacific sector aspects of global environmental change

Scientific Objectives
(1)

Indo-Pacific ocean climate

  • dentify the ocean-atmosphere processes that cause decadal variability in the extratropical North Pacific
  • dentify the oceanic and atmospheric processes that modulate ENSO on decadal time scales
  • Extratropical air-sea interactions and feedbacks
  • Determine the oceanic processes that maintain the Pacific-Ocean general circulation and that cause its climatic variability
  • Determine the nature and causes of Indian-Ocean SST variability on interannual-to-decadal time scales
(2) Regional-ocean influences
  • Determine the processes that maintain the Kuroshio, Oyashio and their Extensions and that cause their climatic variability
  • Identify the processes that maintain the low-latitude western-boundary currents of the Pacific Ocean and that cause their climatic variability
  • Determine the influences of the East-Asian marginal seas and the Indonesian Throughflow on the Asia-Pacific climate system
(3)

Asian-Australian Monsoon system

  • Understand the monsoon annual cycle and intraseasonal variability
  • Determine the causes of interannual-to-interdecadal variability of the monsoon
  • Understand the role of atmosphere-ocean-land interactions in monsoon predictability
  • Understand the monsoon hydrological cycle and its impact on Asia-Pacific climate
(4)

Impacts of global environmental change

  • Determine the impacts of changing external forcing on Asia-Pacific climate
  • Determine the sensitivity of the Asia-Pacific climate system and hydrological cycle to changes in land-surface characteristics