(1)

Indo-Pacific Ocean Climate

Objectives:

  1. To identify the ocean-atmosphere processes that cause decadal variability in the extratropical North Pacific;
  2. To identify the oceanic and atmospheric processes that modulate ENSO on decadal timescales;
  3. To understand air-sea interaction in the extratropics;
  4. Determine the oceanic processes that maintain the Pacific-Ocean general circulation and that cause its variability;
  5. Determine the nature and cause of Indian Ocean SST variability on intraseasonal to interannual timescales.

(1)

Regional-ocean Influences

Objectives:
  1. To determine the processes that maintain the Kuroshio, Oyashio and their extensions and cause their climatic variability.
  2. To identify the processes that maintain the low-latitude western boundary currents in the Pacific Ocean and that cause their climatic variability.
  3. To determine the influences of the East-Asian marginal seas and the Indonesian Throughflow on the Asia-Pacific climate system.
(3)

Asian-Australian Monsoon System

Objectives:

    Investigate the cause of interdecadal variations of the Asian-Australian monsoon, dynamics and predictability of the monsoon intraseasonal oscillation (ISO), the cause of the temporal asymmetry of the monsoon seasonal transition, roles of atmosphere-ocean-land interactions on interannual variability of the Asian-Australian monsoon system, global teleconnection associated with Asian summer monsoon, seasonal predictability of the monsoon rainfall, linkage between Asian monsoon and North American monsoon anomalies, climate simulation of tropical storms, and the nonlinear dynamics of ENSO.

(4)

Impacts of Global Environmental Change

Objectives:

  1. Understand Regional Structure of Global Climate Change with a Focus on the Asia-Pacific Region
  2. Understand the Behavior of Global Climate Models when Run at Very High Res-olution