Researcher Exchange Program between the IRI for Climate Prediction and IGCR/FRSGC

The FRSGC is cooperating with other research institutes to develop research activities with the goal of obtaining more accurate predictions of global change. Dr.Takashi Kagimoto is a researcher from the Climate Variations Research Program. He went to Columbia University's International Research Institute for Climate Prediction (IRI) as a visiting researcher. Here is his report during his stay at IRI.

Dr. Takashi Kagimoto (Climate Variations Research Program)

T he International Research Institute (IRI) for climate prediction,Columbia University, was established in late 1996 with the financial support of National Oceanic & Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). It is located in the campus of the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory of Columbia University, which is close to the border between New York and New Jersey States, and has a quite beautiful view of the Hudson River (Picture 1). In the IRI, more than 50 researchers including the supporting staffs (Picture 2) mainly do the research on how various climate variabilities such as El Nino. Events affect the humans as well as the their environment and try to contribute to the economical, bio-logical, medical and other societies by means of the climate prediction.

Picture 1:The building of the IRI called as MONELL. The Hudson River is running just over the building.

The Frontier Research System for Global Change (FRSGC) have made the agreement of the "Pesearcher Exchange Program" with the IRI on December 1999 in order to make the climate research activity in the FRSGC much more intense. It is me that is the first visiting post-doc scientist from the FRSGC. In the IRI,

I've studied under the Dr. S. Zebiak's supervision not only in the decadal variability of the ocean temperature in the North Pacific but also the decadal modulation of the El Nino Events.

The former, which is a recent hot topic in the physical oceanography, has been done in cooperation with Dr. R.-H. Zhang. We analyzed the oceanic state in the recent 52 years obtained from the ocean general circulation model and succeeded in finding a key to under-stand the mechanism of the decadal variability in the North Pacific. On the other hand, we did unfortunately no more than make several parameter studies about the latter topic because we didn't have enough long time to do that.

Picture 2: The picture of the IRIers taken in front of the MONELL on 24th of July 2000.

To tell the truth, I had felt the pressure since whether or not I, the first visitor, work well might affect the future relationship between the IRIand the FRSGC. I've done the best in the IRI for one year, anyway. I hope that both institutes will be tied up much more strongly with each other through this program and thereby will make a great success in the climate research. In fact, the next visiting scientist from the FRSGC will work well for the IRI in the near future and possibly some scientist from the IRI will do for us.

The International Research Institute (IRI)

Introduction of the Business of ESTO

Support for Projects Associated with Obtaining Images of the Earth from ISS
ESTO (Earth Science and Technology Organization), under the authorization of NASDA (National Space Development Agency of Japan) supports the projects associated with the experiment being conducted to obtain images of the Earth surface from the ISS orbit using a high definition television (HDTV) camera.

This project is one of the space experiments that have been planned by NASDA as part of the early utilization of the International Space Station (ISS). The experiment's objective is for obtaining effective images of Earth surface by using HDTV camera operated by the astronauts stationed on the Russian Service Module.

The support of ESTO is an important factor in the experiment being implemented according to plan. This support includes aspects such as investigating the filming scenario, ascertaining the filming target and timing, and clarifying setting conditions of the camera and associated instruments. ESTO has also assisted in the training of the Russian astronauts in Tsukuba and Moscow, to ensure precise camera operation and filming.

Filming will begin this fall and continue for as long as one year, so we expect to be able to record images from space of the Earth's seasonal changes and sudden occurrences of natural phenomena.

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