Once in every two years, Oceanographers world wide
gather for assemblies of either International Association for
the Physical Sciences of the Oceans (IAPSO) or
International Association for Biological Oceanography
(IABO). This year for the first time, it was held jointly, in Mar
del Plata, Argentina, from 21st to 26th October. From our
group, two researchers, Dr. Suryachandra A. Rao and Dr.
Jing Jia Luo attended this meeting. They presented the
results on the burning topics of the Indo-Pacific ocean climate
variability; Sea Surface Temperature (SST) response
in the Bay of Bengal during a Indian Ocean Dipole Event
(IOD) and long term El Nino Southern Oscillation (ENSO)
variation with special emphasis on the south Pacific, respectively.
Both the talks attracted the attention of eminent scientists
in the field of climate variability in the Indo-Pacific
region. IOD, being the recently discovered phenomenon, is
widely accepted as a coupled ocean-atmospheric phenomenon
in this assembly. There were six talks on the IOD and its
relation to various ocean - atmospheric dynamics. These
talks debated on its association with the ENSO. There were
other sessions with wide spectrum of disciplines in the
marine environment, that were very interesting.
In the 5th International GAME (GEWEX Asia Monsoon
Experiment) Conference, held in Nagoya, Japan, in early
October, nine researchers including Program Director Dr.
Yasunari, Drs. Takata, Suzuki, Endo, Tanaka, Kishtawal,
Fukutomi, Tomita, and Yamazaki presented our researches.
These include; time space characteristics of atmospheric
water balance in monsoon Asia, temporal variation of precipitable
water in Yakutsk, eastern Siberia, surface
energy/water balance in the tundra region and so forth.
Soon after the GAME conference, Drs.Yamasaki, Takata,
Yamazaki, Kuba, Nakamura, Tomita, Xu, Yoshikane, total of
eight researchers participated in fall meeting of
Meteorological Society of Japan, and presented their
research results. They are; a study of cloud clusters associated
with a Baiu front, snow models intercomparison project,
cloud simulation using a detailed cloud microphysical model,
result of the simulation of cloud system development associated
with an extratropical cyclone, interannual variation of the
meridional distribution of the Baiu front and so forth.
The cloud and precipitation process group has been conducting
numerical experiments of the cloud cluster involved
Baiu Front during the special observation period of
GAME/HUBEX (Huaihe River Basin Experiment). The
results were presented by Group Leader Dr. Fujiyoshi at the
HUBEX Workshop held in Kunming, China in December.
A Report from the 10th PICES Meeting in Victoria, B.C.,
Canada, 05-12 October, 2001 by Dr. S. Lan Smith, Carbon
I recently attended the tenth annual meeting of North Pacific
Marine Science Organization (PICES) with Dr. Kishi of our
group to participate in the MODEL task team, which develops
marine ecosystem models of the North Pacific Ocean.
Both of us participated in the NEMURO workshop that this
task team held (Nemuro, Hokkaido, Japan, February 2000),
where a lower-trophic (phytoplankton, zooplankton, etc.)
model was formulated. This time, we attended task team
meetings with groups working to couple the NEMURO
model to models of highertrophic levels such as fish, and
discussed how this might be done.
A major goal of the MODEL task team is to study how climate
change may impact the carrying capacity of the ocean
such as stocks of fish. This is relevant to society, and to the
purpose of FRSGC.
I also recommend highly the city of Victoria as a beautiful
place for a meeting (or for a vacation).
A Russian scientist Dr. Leonid Yurganov, who expertises
a remote sensing technique of atmospheric trace elements,
has joined FRSGC since last October. During the past several
years of his stay in US and Canada, he has been working
for the data validation team for a satellite sensor
MOPITT (Measurements Of Pollution In The Troposphere).
Satellite remote sensing of tropospheric chemical species is
one of the promising and growing subjects, and atmospheric
chemists worldwide are gathering around this "cutting edge"
By MOPITT horizontal distributions of CO and CH4 in
the troposphere have been successfully retrieved on a
global scale, which reveal their emissions into the
atmosphere as well as their long-range transport across
the globe. Dr. Yurganov is also challenging a retrieval of
other tropospheric pollutants including NO2. At FRSGC, he
will collaborate with chemical-transport modelers to make inter-comparisons
between model results and satellite data.