Newsletter No.3 July-1998@

Introduction of the Global Change Research Institutes in the World
In this Newsletter, we introduce, in a successive manner, the global change research institutes in the world. For the second time, Dr. Alexander S. Kazmin, who has been participating in the Climate Variations Research Program since last May, introduces P.P Shirshov Institute of Oceanology of Russian Academy of Science (IORAN).

1. Name and address of the Institute: P.P.Shirshov Institute of Oceanology
of Russian Academy of Sciences (IORAN)
36 Nahimovsky prosp.,Moscow 117851 Russia
2. Outline of the Institute: IORAN have been established in 1946. It is one of the largest oceanographic institute in Russia and belongs to Russian Academy of Sciences, department of oceanology, physics of the atmosphere and geography. Institute are conducted multi-profiles oceanographic investigations of the World Ocean,including shelfs and coastal zones. Institute have the main office in Moscow and branches at the Black Sea, the Baltic Sea, and the White Sea. There are about 1100 staff in main office at Moscow, including more than 600 scientists and 400 technicians (the whole staff including branches, research vessels' crews etc. is more than 2000). The Institute's main divisions are physics, geology, biology, technical (oceanographic equipment) and research support. Most of research activity is associated with the sea-going investigations, thus Institute has 12 research vessels and 6 manned submersibles. Director - Prof. Lappo Sergei Sergeevich - is in charge of overall management and research activity. 3. The major areas of research:
  • Hydrophysics: the wide range of research on the ocean dynamics, sea-air interaction, climate, ocean acustics, hydrooptics, remote sensing, ocean modeling etc.
  • Hydrochemistry: research on distribution of natural and anthropogenic chemical characteristics of the sea water.
  • Geology and geochemistry: types and conditions of bottoms sedimentations, flows of matters, their exchange at the boundary of water-bottom, study of mineral sedimentations, investigations of hydrothermal areas.
  • Biology: investigations of marine ecosystems, their changes due to the natural and anthropogenic influence; study of pelagian and bottom fauna and flora of the World Ocean, primary production, eutrophication problems, biochemical studies.
  • Underwater investigations (underwater instruments, manned submersibles): hydroacoustic research, bottoms topography, search for and observations of submerged objects, submerge in manned submersibles for conducting the observations and sampling.
  • Estimates of hydrocarbon and industrial pollution in the sea water and sediments; cleaning the oil spills.
  • Coastal and shelf zone: investigation of influence of natural and anthropogenic factors, forecast of change of ecological situation, methods of estimations and forecast of coastal processes for hydrotechnical construction.
4. Others: Institute is involved in numerous national and international research programs, e.g. 'Comprehensive Investigations of Oceans and Seas', 'The Arctic and Antarctic' (Russian national programs), JGOFS, WOSE, GIOBEC, UNEP, GESZAMP etc. and support a wide international cooperation and collaboration.
In the course of it's more than half a century history, IORAN produced a good number of world-class oceanographic discoveries and provided a deep, complex, fundamental description of the World ocean. Only the number of published monographs exceeds 500. IORAN's leading scientists are highly recognized by international oceanographic community and are often welcomed to work abroad.

Dr.Alexander S.Kazmin

I joined the IORAN in December 1979 after completing the PhD in oceanography at Moscow State University. I joined the laborotory headed by late Prof.K.N.Fedorov who always was at frontier of oceanographic research. At that time it was oceanic fronts and remote sensing. In 1980-1992 I participated intensively in research cruises over the World ocean trying to combine ship-born measurements with satellite data to investigate internal structure and synoptical variability of oceanic fronts of different scales. Also, it provided me a good opportunity to travel the World. Later I switched to rather 'in-door' activity and now working with the long time-series of global satellite SST data addressing the longer time-scale variability of oceanic frontal zones. My IORAN's background provides me a good chance to participate in various projects at different countries and I'm proud to belong to this Institute.

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