A New Phenomenon is Found in the Tropical Pacific
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Event status

Evolution of the El Niño Modoki Index(EMI)
El Nino Modoki Index
Pacific Ocean SST Anomaly and SST Distribution
Pacific SSTA
SST anomalies are shaded (red color is for warm anomalies and blue is for cold).

  • Weng, H., K. Ashok, S. K. Behera, S. A. Rao, and T. Yamagata, 2007 : Impacts of recent El Niño Modoki on dry/wet condidions in the Pacific rim during boreal summer. Climate Dynamics, 29, 113-129. ( PDF file )
  • Ashok, K., S. K. Behera, S. A. Rao, H. Weng, and T. Yamagata, 2007 : El Niño Modoki and its possible teleconnection. J. Geophys. Res., 112, C11007, doi:10.1029/2006JC003798. ( JGR site )
  • Weng, H., S. K. Behera, and T. Yamagata, 2009 : Anomalous winter climate conditions in the Pacific rim during recent El Niño Modoki and El Niño events. Climate Dynamics, 32, 663-674.
  • Ashok, K., and T. Yamagata, 2009 : The El Niño with a difference. Nature. 461, 481-484. ( Nature site)
  • Weng, H., G. Wu, Y. Liu, S. K. Behera, and T. Yamagata, 2009 : Anomalous summer climate in China influenced by the tropical Indo-Pacific Oceans. Climate Dynamics. DOI 10.1007/s00382-009-0658-9.
  • Ratnam J. V., S. K. Behera, Y. Masumoto, K. Takahashi and T. Yamagata, 2010 : Pacific Ocean origin for the 2009 Indian summer monsoon failure. Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L07807, doi:10.1029/2010GL042798.  ( link to GRL site)

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