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  第6回 CEISTセミナー

講師:Stelios Mertikas(Geodesy & Geomatics Engineering Lab,
   School of Mineral Resources
   Engineering, Technical University of Crete, Greece)


Satellite Altimeter Calibration and Sea Level Changes.

  Accurate determination and monitoring of sea-level changes are of fundamental value and crucial in understanding the ocean's influence on our weather patterns and long-term climate changes of our planet.
  Satellite altimetry provides the only means for monitoring changes in sea level, unequivocally, over regional to global scales with [mm/yr] accuracy and with respect to the center of mass of the Earth.
  Absolute monitoring of earth and ocean changes could be achieved only if satellite altimeter measurements of homogeneous quality and reliability are maintained over long periods of time, and in the same reference system. Thus, altimetry products, such as sea-surface heights, sea-anomaly fields, etc., need to be continuously and independently connected on a common and reliable reference system, which has to be maintained definitely. Such absolute bias of satellite altimetry measurements is, primarily, determined by permanent calibration facilities established at dedicated sites, distributed all over the globe. Four such permanent facilities for the satellite altimetry calibration exist in the world. Two of those sites are located in Europe (Gavdos/Crete in Greece operated by the Technical University of Crete; Corsica in France operated by Centre National d’Etudes Spatiales), one in the USA (Harvest Oil Platform, California, operated by the Jet Propulsion Lab/NASA) and one in Australia (Bass Strait, operated by the University of Tasmania). The Gavdos Cal/Val permanent infrastructure has been operating and providing absolute biases for altimetry satellites for more than a decade. It was established in 2001 and has been on continuous operation as of 2014. This seminar will describe its operation, and the calibration for Jason-2, SARAL/AltiKa and the Chinese HY-2 satellite missions. Results for absolute sea level will be given.

石川 洋一