JAMSTEC > Research Institute for Value-Added-Information Generation (VAiG) > Center for Mathematical Science and Advanced Technology (MAT) > Member > Hiroyuki Noda

Center for Mathematical Science and Advanced Technology (MAT)


Hiroyuki Noda


Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology
Center for Mathematical Science and Advanced Technology

3173-25, Showa-machi, Kanazawa-ku, Yokohama-city, Kanagawa, 236-0001, Japan

Short CV

I started research activities in experimental geology, focusing on mechanics and hydrology arounds faults. Then I extended my research area during the doctoral course to a field of computational fracture mechanics with an emphasis on sequences of earthquakes accounting for realistic fault properties.


2005.4 - 2008.3 Japan Society of Promotion of Science Research Fellow (DC1)
2008.4 - 2008.8 Hiroshima University, Postdoctoral Researcher
2008.9 - 2011.6 California Institute of Technology, Postdoctoral Researcher
2011.7 - present Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology, Scientist


1999.4 - 2003.3 Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Faculty of Science, Kyoto University (B.S.)
2003.4 - 2005.3 Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Faculty of Science, Kyoto University (M.S.)
2005.4 - 2008.3 Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Faculty of Science, Kyoto University (Dc.S.)
2005.9 - 2007.2 Visiting Student in Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, The Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, Harvard University

Acquired Research Funds

2005 - 2008 JSPS Grant-in-Aid for JSPS Fellows (DC1), #172149
2012 - 2014 MEXT Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research, #24107705 (PI)
2014 - 2017 MEXT Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research, #26870918 (PI)
2014 - 2019 MEXT Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research, #26109007 (Co)

Awards and Recognitions

2004 American Geophysical Union 2004 fall meeting, Outstanding Student Paper Award, Tectonophysics section
2007 American Geophysical Union 2007 fall meeting, Outstanding Student Paper Award, Seismology section
2011 Outstanding reviewer of the year 2011, Geophysical Journal International
2013 JAMSTEC 2012 award for outstanding research/development
2013 Noda et al. (2013, JGR) is introduced as AGU Research Spotlight by Schultz, C. (2013). The mixed mechanisms of large-earthquake nucleation, Eos, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 94, 41, doi:10.1002/2013EO410014
2013 Session highlight of 2013 JpGU annual meeting in Solid Earth Science Section
2014 Award of Seismological Society of Japan for Young Scientists, 2013

Research Topics

Physical properties of faults and shear zones
 Active faults hosting earthquake ruptutres experience deformation under VASTLY wide range of physical conditions. Slip rate of an active fault may range from orders of magnitude smaller than the plate rate (~ 1 nm/s) to coseismic slip rate (~ 1 m/s). Under deep (i.e., high temperature and pressure) conditions and at a low enough strain rate, rocks deform ductily without fracturing. I'm working on labratory experiments and analysis of experimental data in order to understand and formulate mechanical properties of active faults.
Friction experiment at high temperature (~ 1000 degree C) at Chiba University (Noda, Kanagawa, Hirose, and Inoue, 2011).
Behavior of an active fault hosting sequence of earthquakes
 How does the fault frictional properties, which could be studied in laboratory experiment, dictate its coseismic and long-term behavior? How can we, if possible, use notions from cm-scale laboratory experimental studies to large-scale natural system? Earthquake ruptures are nucleated and then propagate dynamically. What kind of behaviors can be anticipated before of on the nucleation? I'm tackling those problems by means of numerical simulations on sequences of earthquakes.
A snapshot of slip rate distribution during a simulated earthquake rupture (Noda and Lapusta, 2011).


Original Publications (Peer-Reviewed)

  • Noda, H. (2016), Implementation into earthquake sequence simulations of a rate- and state-dependent friction law incorporating pressure solution creep, accepted to Geophys. J. Int.
  • Noda, H., and T. Hori (2014), Under what circumstances does a seismogenic patch produce aseismic transients in the later interseismic period?, Geophys. Res. Lett., 41, 21, 7477-7484, doi:10.1002/2014GL061676.
  • Shimamoto, T. and H. Noda (2014), A friction to flow constitutive law and its application to a 2-D modeling of earthquakes, J. Geophys. Res., 119, 11, 8089-8106, doi:10.1002/2014JB011170.
  • Shibazaki, B. and H. Noda (2014), What caused the 2011 Tohoku-Oki earthquake? : Effects of dynamic weakening, Journal of Disaster Research, 9, 3, 252-263.
  • Noda, H., M. Nakatani, and T. Hori (2014), Coseismic visibility of a small fragile patch involved in the rupture of a large patch - Implications from fully dynamic rate-state earthquake sequence simulations producing variable manners of earthquake initiation, Prog. Ear. Planet. Sci., 1, 8, doi:10.1186/2197-4284-1-8. (Invited article)
  • Thomas, M., N. Lapusta, H. Noda, and J.-P. Avouac (2014), Quasi-dynamic versus fully-dynamic simulations of earthquakes and aseismic slip with and without enhanced coseismic weakening, J. Geophys. Res., doi:10.1002/2013JB010615.
  • Okazaki, K., H. Noda, S. Uehara, and T. Shimamoto (2014), Permeability, porosity, and pore geometry evolution during compaction of Neogene sedimentary rocks, J. Struct. Geol., doi:10.1016/j.jsg.2013.12.010.
  • Noda, H., M. Nakatani, and T. Hori (2013), A slower fault may produce a smaller preseismic moment rate: Non-1/tf acceleration of moment rate during nucleation and dependency on the background slip rate, Geophys. Res. Lett., 40, 18, 4850-4854, doi:10.1002/grl.50962.
  • Noda, H., M. Nakatani, and T. Hori (2013), Large nucleation before large earthquakes is sometimes skipped due to cascade-up ― Implications from a rate and state simulation of faults with hierarchical asperities, J. Geophys. Res., 118, 6, 2924-2952, doi:10.1002/jgrb.50211.
  • Okazaki, K., I. Katayama, and H. Noda (2013), Shear-induced permeability anisotropy of simulated serpentinite gouge produced by triaxial deformation experiments, Geophys. Res. Lett., 40, 1290-1294, doi:10.1002/grl.50302.
  • Noda, H., N. Lapusta and H. Kanamori (2013), Comparison of average stress drop measures for ruptures with heterogeneous stress change and implications for earthquake physics, Geophys. J. Int., 193, 3, 1691-1712, doi:10.1093/gji/ggt074.
  • Noda, H., and N. Lapusta (2013), Stable creeping fault segments can become destructive as a result of dynamic weakening, Nature, 493, 518-521, doi:10.1038/nature11703.
  • Noda, H., and N. Lapusta (2012), On averaging interface response during dynamic rupture and energy parititoning diagrams for earthquakes, J. Appl. Mech., 79, 031026, doi:10.1115/1.4005964.
  • Noda, H., and T. Shimamoto (2012), Transient behavior and stability analyses of halite shear zones with an empirical rate-and-state friction to flow law, J. Struct. Geol., 38, 234-242, doi:10.1016/j.jsg.2011.08.012.
  • Ferri, F., G. Di Toro, T. Hirose, R. Han, H. Noda, T. Shimamoto, M. Quaresimin, and N. de Rossi (2011), Low- to high-velocity frictional properties of the clay-rich gouges from the slipping zone of the 1963 Vaiont slide, northern Italy, J. Geophys. Res., 116, B09208, doi:10.1029/2011JB008338, with a correction in J. Geophys. Res., 116, B11298, doi:10.1029/2011JB008927.
  • Noda, H., K. Kanagawa, T. Hirose, A. Inoue, (2011), Frictional experiments at intermediate slip rates with controlling temperature: Rate weakening or temperature weakening?, J. Geophys. Res. 116, B07306, doi:10.1029/2010JB007945.
  • Noda, H., and N. Lapusta (2010), 3D earthquake sequence simulations with evolving temperature and pore pressure due to shear heating: Effect of heterogeneous hydraulic diffusivity, J. Geophys. Res., 115, B12314, doi:10.1029/2010JB007780.
  • Noda, H., and T. Shimamoto (2010), A rate- and state-dependent ductile flow law of polycrystalline halite under large shear strain and implication for transition to brittle deformation, Geophys. Res. Lett., 37, L09310, doi:10.1029/2010GL042512.
  • Sulem, J., V. Famin, and H. Noda (2009), Correction to "Thermal decomposition of carbonates in fault zones: Slip-weakening and temperature-limiting effects", J. Geophys. Res., 114, B06311, doi:10.1029/2009JB006576.
  • Noda, H., E. M. Dunham, J. R. Rice (2009), Earthquake ruptures with thermal weakening and the operation of major faults at low overall stress levels, J. Geophys. Res., 114, B07302, doi:10.1029/2008JB006143.
  • Noda, H., and T. Shimamoto (2009), Constitutive properties of clayey fault gouge from Hanaore Fault zone, Southwest Japan, J. Geophys. Res., 114, B04409, doi:10.1029/2008JB005683.
  • Noda, H. (2008), Frictional constitutive law at intermediate slip rates accounting for flash heating and thermally activated slip process, J. Geophys. Res., 113, B09302, doi:10.1029/2007JB005406.
  • Hirono, T., H. Mukoyoshi, W. Tanikawa, H. Noda, K. Mizoguchi, and T. Shimamoto (2008), Frictional behavior and its seismological implications within thrusts in the shallow portion of an accretionary prism, Tectonophys., 456, 3-4, 20, 163-170, doi:10.1016/j.tecto.2008.04.015.
  • Noda, H., and T. Shimamoto (2005), Thermal pressurization and slip-weakening distance of a fault: An example of the Hanaore Fault, Southwest Japan, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 95, 1224-1233, doi:10.1785/0120040089.
  • Shimamoto, T., T. Hirose, K. Mizoguchi, and H. Noda (2003), High-velocity friction of faults and earthquake generation process: Current status and future perspectives, Journal of Geography, 112, 6, Special Issue on “Materials Science and Seismological Approaches to Understanding Seismogenic Processes”, 979-999. (In Japanese with English abstract).

    Published Proceedings

  • Rice, J. R., E. M. Dunham, and H. Noda (2009), Thermo- and hydro-mechanical processes along faults during rapid slip, in Meso-scale Shear Physics in Earthquake and Landslide Mechanics, eds. Y. Hatzor, J. Sulem and I. Vardoulakis, pp. 3-16, CRC Press, ISBN:9780415475587.
  • Noda, H., N. Lapusta, and J. R. Rice (2011), Earthquake sequence calculations with dynamic weakening mechanisms, in Multiscale and Multiphysics Processes in Geomechanics, ed. R. I. Borja, pp. 149-152, Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, ISBN:978-3-642-19629-4.

    Books and Book Chapters

  • Noda, H. (2012), Significance of high velocity friction in dynamic rupture process, in The mechanics of faulting: From laboratory to real earthquakes, ed. Bizzarri, A., and H. Bhat, pp. 209-236, Research Signpost, Kerala, India, ISBN:978-81-308-0502-3.